The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) is an oil painting by Rembrandt during The Baroque period.
The 2011 video game Deus Ex: Human Revolution references the painting in both in-game portraits that can be found on the wall and in a certain cinematic trailer, featuring the main protagonist Adam Jensen as the cadaver as Dr. Nicolaes and his students study his charred and ruined arms, which in the actual story become amputated and replaced with mechanical limbs.
Key animation sequence in episode 8 of Attack on Titan (進撃の巨人). It is amazingly detailed for a shot that wasn’t even a close-up.
[Poster] Ernest et Célestine